Spectra viewer


Fluorophores

Add

Filters, mirrors and light sources

Add

Custom spectra

Add
Use csv files with two or four columns (wavelength, value) and withouth header for data upload. Four columns will be interpreted as a combination of excitation and emission spectra.


Dashed lines indicate missing scaling information in 'absolute' mode. Normalized data are shown.






This viewer provides a number of ways to explore and visualize properties of fluorescent molecules and optical elements (such as different types of filters and mirrors).


Selection tools

The left panel provides selection tools for three types of elements (top to bottom): Fluorophores, filters and custom elements. For the first two, dropdown menus ('Selection list') contain all the relevant items from the underlying database, which can be sorted/filtered using the 'Search' and 'Type' fields. Under 'Custom spectra', simple filters can be defined using center and bandwidth values; laser lines can be added; and spectra can be uploaded in form of csv-files.

New elements can be added to the corresponding tables using the '+' button. Table elements can be temporarily hidden by de-selecting them (mouse click on table row).


1D viewer

The '1D viewer' provides the standard view of excitation and emission spectra (excitation and emission values as a function of wavelength). Plots can be shown using either linear or logarithmic y-scale and with normalized or absolute values. For absolute values, the extinction coefficient, quantum yield and 2p cross-section values are used for 1p excitation, emission and 2p excitation values respectively.


2D viewer

The '2D viewer' combines the excitation and emission data in form of 2D contour plots. This is particularly useful when comparing a large number of fluorophores, since it reduces the number of displayed elements and by making the pairing of related excitation and emission spectra implicit.

Filter spectra are omitted in this view, but 'Custom spectra' are displayed (uploaded spectra only if the file contains four columns which are interpreted as excitation and emission spectra).


Fluorophore browser

The 'Fluorophore browser' lists all available fluorophores together with their most relevant properties in table form. The table allows sorting and filtering each column using the sort / text field on top of each column. Fluorophores can be added from this table to the selection panel on the left.

A second table (below the fluorophore table) lists additional properties of the currently selected entry, such as information about the sources of the spectral data.


Scatter plot

The 'Scatter plot' enables display of up to four (scalar) fluorophore properties, as selected with the respective dropdown menues (x, y, size, color). Using this plot, in particular in combination with the filtering option of the Fluorophore browser makes it easy to identify fluorophores with specific combinations of properties (e.g. large stokes shift, short lifetime, emission around 600 nm, high quantum yield).



Spectra viewer by the Imaging facility at the MPI for Brain Research Frankfurt. Implemented by Stephan Junek.


Acknowledgements

Many thanks to Georgi Tushev and Friedrich Kretschmer for their help with setting up this app.

Many thanks to Urs Utzinger (University of Arizona) for providing his extensive database (used in his spectra viewer) as a starting point for our database.

Additional data were added from various sources. Source information and references can be found in the Fluorophore properties table of the Fluorophore browser tab.

Thanks to Mikhail Drobizhev for providing 2p cross-section data for various fluorescent proteins (see also Drobizhev et al, Nat Methods 8, 2011)


Contact

If you would like to contribute to the app or database (bug reports, additional spectra or meta-data, feature requests) please contact us at stephan.junek [at] brain.mpg.de